World Events

  • France and West Germany sign treaty of cooperation ending four centuries of conflict (Jan. 22).
  • Pope John XXIII dies (June 3), and is succeeded June 21 by Cardinal Montini, who becomes Paul VI.
  • British Secretary of War John Profumo resigns in the wake of an affair with Christine Keeler, a teenage showgirl who was also involved with the Soviet naval attaché (June).
  • Washington-to-Moscow “hot line” communications link opens, designed to reduce risk of accidental war (Aug. 30). Background: cold war
  • Kenya achieves independence.
  • There are 15,000 US military advisers in South Vietnam. Background: Vietnam War
  • 32 independent African nations establish the Organization for African Unity.
    World Statistics

    Population: 3.205 billion


    Nobel Peace Prize:
    Intl. Comm. of Red Cross; League of Red Cross Societies (both Geneva)
U.S. Events
  • Michael E. De Bakey implants artificial heart in human for first time at Houston hospital (April 21).
  • US Supreme Court rules no locality may require recitation of Lord’s Prayer or Bible verses in public schools (June 17). Background: Church and State
  • “March on Washington,” civil rights rally held by 200,000 blacks and whites in Washington, D.C.; Martin Luther King delivers “I have a dream” speech (Aug. 28).
  • President Kennedy shot and killed in Dallas, Tex. Lyndon B. Johnson becomes President same day (Nov. 22). Background: Timeline of Kennedy tragedies
  • Lee Harvey Oswald, accused Kennedy assassin, is shot and killed by Jack Ruby (Nov. 24).
    U.S. Statistics

    President: John F. Kennedy
    Vice President: Lyndon B. Johnson
    Population: 189,241,798
    Life expectancy: 69.9 years
    Violent Crime Rate (per 1,000): 21.8
    Property Crime Rate (per 1,000): 20.1
    Homicide Rate (per 100,000): 4.9
Economics

US GDP (1998 dollars):   $617.4 billion
Federal spending:   $111.32 billion
Federal debt:   $310.3 billion
Consumer Price Index:   30.6
Unemployment:   5.5%
Cost of a first-class stamp:   $0.04 ($0.05 as of 1/7/63)

Sports

World Series
LA Dodgers d. NY Yankees (4-0)

NBA Championship
Boston d. LA Lakers (4-2)

Stanley Cup
Toronto d. Detroit (4-1)

Wimbledon
Women: Margaret Smith d. B.J. Moffitt (6-3 6-4)
Men: Chuck McKinley d. F. Stolle (9-7 6-1 6-4)

Kentucky Derby Champion
Chateaugay

NCAA Basketball Championship
Loyola-IL d. Cincinnati (60-58 OT)

NCAA Football Champions
Texas (11-0-0)

Entertainment

Events

  • Viewers tuned into NBC witness Jack Ruby shoot Lee Harvey Oswald on camera – the first live telecast of a murder.
  • Beatlemania hits the U.K. The Beatles, a British band composed of John Lennon, George Harrison, Ringo Starr and Paul McCartney, take Britain by storm.
  • The Rolling Stones emerge as the anti-Beatles, with an aggressive, blues-derived style.
  • The French Chef with Julia Child debuts on educational television.

Movies

  • Tom Jones, Lilies of the Field, America, America

Books

  • James Baldwin, The Fire Next Time
  • e e cummings, 73 Poems
  • Betty Friedan, The Feminine Mystique
  • Sylvia Plath, The Bell Jar
  • Thomas Pynchon, V
  • John Rechy, City of Night
  • Charles M. Schulz, Happiness is a Warm Puppy
  • John Updike, The Centaur
  • Kurt Vonnegut, Cat’s Cradle
    Entertainment Awards
  • Pulitzer Prizes
    Fiction: The Reivers, William Faulkner
    Music: Piano Concerto No. 1, Samuel Barber
    Oscars awarded in 1963
    Academy Award, Best Picture: Lawrence of Arabia, Sam Spiegel, producer (Columbia)Nobel Prize for Literature: Giorgios Seferis (Seferiades) (Greece)1963 Emmy Awards1963 Tony AwardsGrammys awarded in 1963
    Record of the Year: “I Left My Heart in San Francisco,” Tony Bennett
    Album of the Year: The First Family, Vaughn Meader (Cadence)
    Song of the Year: “What Kind of Fool Am I,” Leslie Bricusse and Anthony Newley, songwritersMiss America: Jacquelyn Mayer (OH)
Science
  • Quasars are discovered by Marten Schmidt (US).
  • The first liver transplant is performed by F.D. Moore and T.E. Starzl. Background: Health & Nutrition
  • The first commercial nuclear reactor goes online at the Jersey Central Power Company. Background: nuclear energy
  • The sedative Valium (chlordiazepoxide) is developed by Roche labs.

Nobel Prizes in Science

Chemistry: Carl Ziegler (Germany) and Giulio Natta (Italy), for work in uniting simple hydrocarbons into large molecule substances

Physics: Eugene Paul Wigner, Maria Goeppert Mayer (both US), and J. Hans D. Jensen (Germany), for research on structure of atom and its nucleus

Physiology or Medicine: Alan Lloyd Hodgkin, Andrew Fielding Huxley (both UK), and Sir John Carew Eccles (Australia), for research on nerve cells

Deaths
  • John Fitzgerald Kennedy 11/22/1963
  • W.E.B. Du Bois
  • Robert Frost
  • Rogers Hornsby
  • Aldous Huxley

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1963 – President John F. Kennedy was Assassinated (11/22/1963 Dallas Tx.)