- Biafra surrenders after 32-month fight for independence from Nigeria (Jan. 12).
- Rhodesia severs last tie with British Crown and declares itself a racially segregated republic (March 1).
- US troops invade Cambodia (May 1). Background: Vietnam War
- A Palestinian revolt erupts in Jordan. Forces loyal to King Hussein suppress the revolt and expel the PLO from the country.
- Earthquake kills more than 50,000 in Peru (May 31).
- Egyptian President Nasser dies and is replaced by Anwar el-Sadat.
- Tonga (June 4) and Fiji (Oct. 10) gain independence from Britain.
- Kent State University in Ohio slain by National Guardsmen at demonstration protesting incursion into Cambodia (May 4).
- Senate repeals Gulf of Tonkin resolution (June 24).
US GDP (1998 dollars): $1,035.60 billion
Federal spending: $195.65 billion
Federal debt: $380.9 billion
Median Household Income
(current dollars): $8,734
Consumer Price Index: 38.8
Cost of a first-class stamp: $0.06
Kansas City d. Minnesota (23-7)
Baltimore d. Cincinnati (4-1)
New York d. LA Lakers (4-3)
Boston d. St. Louis (4-0)
Women: Margaret Court d. B.J. King (14-12 11-9)
Men: John Newcombe d. K. Rosewall (5-7 6-3 6-2 3-6 6-1)
Kentucky Derby Champion
NCAA Basketball Championship
UCLA d. Jacksonville (80-69)
NCAA Football Champions
Nebraska (AP, FW) (11-0-1); Texas (UPI, NFF-tie), (10-1-0) & Ohio St. (NFF-tie), (9-1-0)
Brazil d. Italy (4-1)
- The Beatles break up. By the end of the year, each member had released a solo album.
- George C. Scott gives one of film’s most memorable performances in Patton. He won the Best Actor Oscar for his turn as the title character, but refused the gold statuette.
- Jimi Hendrix and Janis Joplin both die drug-related deaths at age 27.
- FCC regulations require separate ownership of television networks and studios.
- Monday Night Football debuts on ABC, with Howard Cosell, Frank Gifford, and Don Meredith giving play-by-play.
- M*A*S*H, Patton, Love Story, Airport
- Maya Angelou, I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings
- John Berryman, Love and Fame
- Nikki Giovanni, Black Talk/Black Judgement
- Gabriel García Márquez, One Hundred Years of Solitude
- Gail Godwin, The Perfectionist
- John Updike, Bech: A Book
- Biochemist Hamilton O. Smith (US) discovers a restriction enzyme that will allow biologist Daniel Nathans (US) to map a complete viral genome. Background: genetic engineering
- IBM introduces the floppy disk. Background: Computers and Internet
- Bar codes (computer-scanned binary signal code) are introduced for retail and industrial use in England.
- The LCD (liquid crystal display) is invented by Hoffmann-La Roche (Switzerland).
- The Food and Drug Administration warns that birth control pills may cause blood clots. Background: Birth & Contraception
- Lithium is approved by the FDA for the treatment of manic-depression.
- Jimi Hendrix
- Janis Joplin
- Sonny Liston